Cashmere is considered only from the most valuable and luxurious materials, with a history spanning centuries. Cashmere wool is incredibly soft and desirable by designers around the world.
Although they have different breeds of fur that grow fluffy undercoat, the real cashmere wool is produced by a specially fine-haired breed known as Capra aegagrus hircus. In the 14th century, this goat was first discovered by a Persian named Ali el Samdani in the region of Kashmir – Ladakh. The story of the Kashmiri goat, and hence the Kashmiri wool, began when Mir Ali Hamadani took wool from the Kashmiri goat and made socks, scarves and hats. He gives them to the King of Kashmir and offers to start making scarves from this wave.
Since wool processing was first developed in the Kashmir region, the name of the region has thus become a generic name for the fabric. The hills of Ladakh and Tibet are the most authentic regions for the cashmere wave. Capra Hirkus lives at an average altitude of 4200 meters. To cope with extreme temperatures, which can reach -40 ° C and the long winter, which lasted six months, the animal is covered with thick woolen fur formed by long hairs.
Unlike the Changtang tribes, who live all year round in the high plateaus of Ladakh, goats raised in Kashmir descend to lower altitudes in winter because the high slopes of the Himalayas accumulate a lot of snow and growing and providing food becomes very difficult. . Kashmir’s climate varies from subtropical in the lowlands to alpine at higher altitudes. This is the essential difference between pashmina and cashmere. Their origin is from the same goat, but because in Ladakh goats are exposed to lower temperatures, they form thicker fur and finer undercoat.
Goats raise 2 layers of fleece, a coarser outer layer and a dense but soft fine fibrous undercoat. This is because they have minimal body fat for insulation, which is why their coats protect them from the harsh winter, where temperatures can drop between -20 and -40 degrees Celsius. Just before summer, the fur is removed by combing with special combs and thus collected by shepherds to obtain raw wool from pashmina and cashmere. The wool is extracted from the inner layer of the fur, under the coarse protective hairs.
Traditionally shorter and fine fibers of the undercoat from the abdomen or neck are considered pashmina. The thickness of the cashmere fiber varies from 12 to 21 microns in diameter, while pashmina applies only to those fibers that range from 12 to 16 microns.
Wearing cashmere is a real pleasure. The softness is visible, the touch is unforgettable. Cashmere embraces with tenderness and leaves behind a feeling of finesse, comfort and lightness. Give yourself a cashmere hug, give yourself tenderness and a smile.
Cashmere scarves and blankets created in the birthplace of Kashmir – The capital of Kashmir – Srinagar (City of the Sun).